Menaion

January 6

Great feastTHE THEOPHANY OF OUR LORD, GOD, AND SAVIOR JESUS CHRIST. Since the second century, the Church has celebrated the Baptism of Christ in the Jordan River for our sanctification

At Vespers

Vespers - Vespers with Divine Liturgy (A - B)

If it is Saturday evening or Sunday evening, we sing "Blessed is the man."

On any other day, we immediately sing "O Lord, I have cried" in Tone 2, and the priest begins the preparation (prothesis) for the Divine Liturgy. The deacon censes as usual while the hymns of the feast are sung.

There are eight stichera at "O Lord, I have cried."

Tone 2 samohlasen. When the Forerunner saw the One who is our enlightenment, * the One who has brought light to all, * coming to be baptized, * his heart rejoiced and his hand trembled. * He pointed Him out to the people and said: * This is the Savior
of Israel who delivered us from corruption. * O Christ our God, O Sinless One, glory to You! (twice)

O our Savior, the armies of angels trembled * when they saw You baptized by your servant, * and the Holy Spirit bearing witness and descending, * and when they heard the voice of the Father speaking from heaven: * This One upon whom the Forerunner lays his hands * is my beloved Son in whom I am well pleased. * O Christ our God, glory to You! ((twice)

When the Jordan River received You, O Fountainhead, * the Comforter descended in the form of a dove. * Now behold the marvel: * the One who bowed the heavens bows his head to the Forerunner, * and the one made of clay cries out to his Maker: * Why do You command me to perform what is beyond my power? * It is I who need to be baptized by You. * O Christ our God, O Sinless One, glory to You! (twice)

O God and Lord, when You resolved to save those who had strayed from You, * You condescended to take the form of a servant, * for it was fitting that You assumed our human nature for us. * And when You were baptized in the flesh, O our Redeemer, * it made us worthy of your forgiveness. * Therefore, we cry out to You: * O Christ our God, our Benefactor, glory to You! (twice)

Glory, now and ever – Tone 2.  You have bowed your head before the Forerunner, * and You have crushed the heads of the demons. * You have descended into the waters * and given light to all things * that they may glorify You, O Savior, * the Enlightenment of our souls.

Entrance with Gospel book, and prokeimenon of the day. But if January 5 falls on a Friday, we sing the following great prokeimenon instead:

Prokeimenon, Tone 7 (Psalm 113:11,1,2-3,5). But our God is in the heavens; he does whatever he wills.
V. When Israel came forth from Egypt, Jacob's sons from an alien people.
V. Judah became the Lord's temple, Israel became his kingdom.
V. Why is it, O sea, that you fled; O Jordan, that you turned back?

Then three readings:

A reading from Genesis (Genesis 1:1-13).

A reading from Exodus (Exodus 14:15-18, 21-23, 27-29).

A reading from Exodus (Exodus 15:22 – 16:1).

and the following responsorial troparion:

Tone 5. O Creator of the world, * You appeared in the world in order to shine upon those who live in darkness. * O merciful One, glory to You!

v. O God, be gracious and bless us and let your face shed its light upon us.

Refrain:  In order to shine upon those who live in darkness. * O merciful One, glory to You!

v. So will your ways be known upon earth and all nations learn your saving help.

Refrain:  In order to shine upon those who live in darkness. * O merciful One, glory to You!

v. Let the peoples praise You, O God, let all the peoples praise You; the earth has yielded its fruit.

Refrain:  In order to shine upon those who live in darkness. * O merciful One, glory to You!

v. For God our God has blessed us. May God still give us his blessing till the ends of the earth revere Him.

Refrain:  In order to shine upon those who live in darkness. * O merciful One, glory to You!

Glory be...now and ever...

O Creator of the world, * You appeared in the world in order to shine upon those who live in darkness. * O merciful One, glory to You!

Then three more readings:

A reading from the Book of Joshua, the son of Nun (Joshua 3:7-8, 15-17).

A reading from the Second Book of Kings (2 Kings 2:6-14).

A reading from the Second Book of Kings (2 Kings 5:9-14).

and the following responsorial troparion:

Tone 6.  O our Savior, through the greatness of your mercy, * You cleansed the sinners and the publicans, * and now your light shines upon those who live in darkness. * O Lord, glory to You!

v. The Lord is King, with majesty enrobed; the Lord has robed hlmself with might, He has girded himself with power

Refrain: And now your light shines upon those who live in darkness. * O Lord, glory to You!

v. The floods have lifted up, 0 Lord, the waters have lifted up their voice; the waters have lifted up their thunder.

Refrain: And now your light shines upon those who live in darkness. * O Lord, glory to You!

v. More glorious than the surglngs of the sea, the Lord Is glorious on high. Truly your decrees are to be trusted.

Refrain: And now your light shines upon those who live in darkness. * O Lord, glory to You!

v. Holiness Is fitting to your house, O Lord, until the end of time.

Refrain: And now your light shines upon those who live in darkness. * O Lord, glory to You!

Glory be...now and ever...

O our Savior, through the greatness of your mercy, * You cleansed the sinners and the publicans, * and now your light shines upon those who live in darkness. * O Lord, glory to You!

Then six more readings:

A reading from the Prophecy of Isaiah (Isaiah 1:16-20).

A reading from Genesis (Genesis 32:1-10).

A reading from Exodus (Exodus 2:5-10).

A reading from the Book of the Judges of Israel (Judges 6:36-40).

A reading from the First Book of Kings (1 Kings 18:30-30).

A reading from the Second Book of Kings (2 Kings 2:19-22).

A reading from the Prophecy of Isaiah (Isaiah 49:8-15).

If it is Saturday or Sunday evening, we continue with Vespers:

Prokeimenon of the Vigil, Tone 3 (Ps. 26:1).  The Lord is my light and my help; * whom shall I fear?
V. The Lord is the stronghold of my life; before whom shall I shrink?

A reading from the First Letter of Saint Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians (1 Corinthians 9:19-27).

Alleluia of the Vigil, Tone 6 (Ps. 44:2-3). Alleluia! Alleluia! Alleluia!
V. My heart overflows with noble words. To the king I must speak the song I have made.
V. You are the fairest of the children, and graciousness is poured upon your lips, because God has blessed you forevermore.

A reading from the holy Gospel according to Luke (Luke 3:1-18).

Then the Litany of Fervent Supplication, the hymn "Make us worthy, O Lord", the Litany of Supplication, and the festive dismissal. There are no aposticha, since they are sung at Compline.

If it is not Saturday or Sunday evening, then after the last reading from Isaiah, the Small Litany is intoned, and the Divine Liturgy of our Holy Father Basil the Great is celebrated, beginning with the Trisagion.

Prokeimenon of the Vigil, Tone 3 (Ps. 26:1).  The Lord is my light and my help; * whom shall I fear?
V. The Lord is the stronghold of my life; before whom shall I shrink?

A reading from the First Letter of Saint Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians (1 Corinthians 9:19-27).

Alleluia of the Vigil, Tone 6 (Ps. 44:2-3). Alleluia! Alleluia! Alleluia!
V. My heart overflows with noble words. To the king I must speak the song I have made.
V. You are the fairest of the children, and graciousness is poured upon your lips, because God has blessed you forevermore.

A reading from the holy Gospel according to Luke (Luke 3:1-18).

Instead of It is truly proper, we sing In you, O Woman full of grace...

Communion Hymn (Ps. 148:1). Praise the Lord from the heavens, praise him in the highest. Alleuia! Alleluia! Alleluia!

After the Ambon Prayer of the Divine Liturgy, the Great Blessing of Water is held.

The following stichera are sung:

Tone 8. The voice of the Lord resounds over the waters, saying: * Come and receive the spirit of wisdom, * the spirit of understanding, * the spirit of the fear of God * from this revelation of Christ.

Today the nature of water is sanctified. " The Jordan is parted; * its waters cease to flow when it sees its Master being baptized.

O Christ our King, You came as a man into the river. * For our sins, O loving and blessed Lord, * You desired to be baptized like a servant * by the hands of the Forerunner.

Glory, now and ever – Tone 8.  To the voice of the one crying in the wilderness: * Prepare the way of the Lord; * You came, O Lord, as a servant " seeking to be baptized even though You had no sin. " When the waters saw You, they trembled in fear * like the Forerunner who exclaimed: * How can a lamp give light to the Light? * How can a servant touch his Master? * Rather, 0 Savior, bless the waters and me, * for You take away the sin of the world.

A reading from the Prophecy of Isaiah (Isaiah 35:1-10).

A reading from the Prophecy of Isaiah (Isaiah 55:1-13).

A reading from the Prophecy of Isaiah (Isaiah 12:3-6).

Prokeimenon, Tone 3 (Ps. 26:1).  The Lord is my light and my help; * whom shall I fear?
V. The Lord is the stronghold of my life; before whom shall I shrink?

A reading from the First Letter of Saint Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians (1 Corinthians 10:1-4).

Alleluia, Tone 4 (Ps. 28:3). Alleluia! Alleluia! Alleluia!
V. The Lord's voice resounding on the waters, the Lord is on the immensity of the waters.
V. The God of glory thunders; the Lord is on the immensity of the waters.

A reading from the holy Gospel according to Mark (Mark 1:9-11).

At Great Compline

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Stichera at the litija:

Tone 4 Bolhar. The One who clothes himself with light as with a robe * deigned, for our sakes, to become as we are. * Today He is clothed in the streams of the Jordan * even though He has no need to be purified. * He refashions us through the cleansing that He receives. * What a marvelous wonder! * He creates anew without fire * and refashions without tearing apart; * He grants salvation to those enlightened in Him, * Christ our God, the Savior of our souls.

When John the Baptist saw You approach * the One who purifies the sin of the world by fire and the Spirit, * he cried out with fear and trembling, saying: * I am unworthy to place my hand on your immaculate head. * Therefore, 0 Master, purify me by your Epiphany, * for You alone love the human race.

Let us imitate the wise virgins; * come, let us go to meet the Master who is now present, * for He approaches John as a Bridegroom. * When the Jordan saw Him, it bowed down in fear and stopped; * John spoke out, saying: * I am unworthy to touch your immortal head. * The Spirit descended in the form of a dove and sanctified the waters, * and a voice was heard from on high: * This is my Son who comes into the world to save all. * O Lord, glory to You!

Today Christ is baptized; * He emerges from the waters and uplifts the world with Him. * He beholds the opening of the heavens * which Adam had closed for himself and his descendants. * The Spirit testifies to his divine nature, * for He is in accord with his own. * A voice is heard from the heavens, * giving witness to the One who has descended; * for He is the Savior of our souls.

Upon touching your immaculate head, * the hand of the Baptist trembled. * The streams of the Jordan turned back, * feeling unworthy to serve You. * How could the one who stood in awe of Joshua, the son of Nun, * be unafraid to stand before the Creator of Joshua? * You have completed all that was assigned to You, O Savior, * so that You might redeem the world by your Epiphany, * for You alone love the human race.

Glory – Tone 8. Desiring to fulfill all that was ordained for You from eternity, O Lord, * You received ministers from all creation at this mystery of yours: * Gabriel from among the angels, * the Virgin from among the human race, * the star from among the heavens, * and Jordan from among the waters; * and in it You have cleansed the sins of the world. * O our Savior, glory to You!

Now and ever – in the same tone. Today all creation is enlightened ." Today all nature rejoices, * those in heaven and those upon the earth. * Angels and people join together * in the presence of the King and his army. * Let us hasten to the Jordan; * let
us witness to John as he baptizes a sinless and uncreated head. * Let us sing out in one voice, * echolnq that of the apostle: * The grace of God which brings salvation to all has come forth, * enlightening the faithful and granting them great mercy.

The aposticha are for the feast:

Tone 2 samohlasen.  O Lord, when John saw You approaching him at the Jordan River, he cried out: * How do You, O Lord who are sinless, come to me your servant? * In whose name shall I baptize You? * In the name of the Father whom You possess in yourself? * In the name of the Son, while You are the very Son in the flesh? * In the name of the Holy Spirit whom You grant to the faithful * with the breath of your mouth? * O God who has appeared to us, have mercy on us.

The sea fled at the sight; the Jordan turned back on its course. (or: The sea saw and fled; Jordan was turned back.)

The waters have seen You. * When the waters saw You, O Lord, they trembled, * for the very Cherubim do not dare to look upon your glory, * nor can the Seraphim rest their eyes upon You. * They stand in awe before You, * some on guard, others glorifying your might. * Together with them, we proclaim your praise, O Merciful One, and say: * O God who has appeared to us, have mercy on us.

Why is it, O sea, that you fled; O Jordan, that you turned back?

Today the Creator of heaven and earth * approaches the Jordan River in the flesh; * the One who is free from sin seeks to be baptized * in order to cleanse the human race from the error of the enemy; * the Master of all is baptized at the hand of the servant * in order to grant us the cleansing through water. * Therefore, let us cry out to Him: * O God who has appeared to us, glory to You!

Glory, now and ever – Tone 6.  Today the Creator of heaven and earth * approaches the Jordan River in the flesh; * the One who is free from sin seeks to be baptized * in order to cleanse the human race from the error of the enemy; * the Master of all is baptized at the hand of the servant * in order to grant us the cleansing through water. * Therefore, let us cry out to Him: * O God who has appeared to us, glory to You!

Troparion, Tone 1.  At your baptism in the Jordan, O Lord, * worship of the Trinity was revealed; * for the Father's voice bore witness to You, calling You his beloved Son, * and the Spirit in the form of a dove * confirmed the truth of these words. * O Christ God, who appeared and enlightened the world, glory to You! (3 times)

At Matins

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At the Divine Liturgy

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First Antiphon (Ps. 113:1-3,5):
When Israel came forth from Egypt, Jacob's sons from an alien people,
Refrain: Through the prayers of the Theotokos, save us.

Judah became the Lord's temple, Israel became his kingdom.
Refrain: Through the prayers of the Theotokos, save us.

The sea saw and fled; Jordan was turned back.
Refrain: Through the prayers of the Theotokos, save us.

Why is it, O sea, that you fled; O Jordan, that you turned back?
Refrain: Through the prayers of the Theotokos, save us.

Glory... now and ever...
Refrain: Through the prayers of the Theotokos, save us.

Second Antiphon (Ps. 114:1-5):
I love the Lord because he will hear my voice in supplication.
Refrain: O Son of God, born of the Virgin, save us who sing to you: Alleluia!

For he will turn his ear to me in the day when I call him.
Refrain: O Son of God, born of the Virgin, save us who sing to you: Alleluia!

They surrounded me, the snares of death, with the anguish of the tomb; they caught me, sorrow and distress. I called on the Lord's name.
Refrain: O Son of God, born of the Virgin, save us who sing to you: Alleluia!

How gracious is the Lord, and just; our God has compassion.
Refrain: O Son of God, born of the Virgin, save us who sing to you: Alleluia!

Glory... now and ever...
O Only-begotten Son and Word of God...

Third Antiphon (Ps. 117:1-4), sung to the Tone 1 troparion melody:
Give thanks to the Lord for he is good, for his love endures forever.
Refrain: At your baptism in the Jordan, O Lord, * worship of the Trinity was revealed; * for the Father's voice bore witness to You, calling You his beloved Son, * and the Spirit in the form of a dove * confirmed the truth of these words. * O Christ God, who appeared and enlightened the world, glory to You!

Let the sons of Israel say: "His love endures forever."
Refrain: At your baptism in the Jordan, O Lord...

Let the sons of Aaron say: "His love endures forever."
Refrain: At your baptism in the Jordan, O Lord...

Let those who fear the Lord say: "His love endures forever."
Refrain: At your baptism in the Jordan, O Lord...

Entrance Hymn, sung to the Tone 4 troparion melody (Ps. 117:26-27).
Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord; * we bless you from the house of the Lord. * The Lord is God and has revealed himself to us.

Troparion, Tone 4.  At your baptism in the Jordan, O Lord, * worship of the Trinity was revealed; * for the Father's voice bore witness to You, calling You his beloved Son, * and the Spirit in the form of a dove * confirmed the truth of these words. * O Christ God, who appeared and enlightened the world, glory to You!

Glory, now and ever – Kontakion, Tone 4.   You have revealed yourself to the world today; * and your light, O Lord, has set its seal on us. * We recognize you and exclaim to you: * You have come and revealed yourself, O Unapproachable Light.

Instead of "Holy God", the following is sung:

All you who have been baptized into Christ have been clothed with Christ. Alleluia! (three times)
Glory... now and ever... Have been clothed with Christ. Alleluia!
All you who have been baptized into Christ have been clothed with Christ. Alleluia!

Prokeimenon, Tone 4 (Ps. 117:26-27).  Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord. * The Lord is God and has revealed himself to us.
V.Give thanks to the Lord for he is good, for his mercy endures forever.

Epistle: Titus 2:11-14, 3:4-7

Alleluia, Tone 4 (Ps. 28:1-3). Alleuia! Alleluia! Alleluia!
V. Bring to the Lord, you sons of God; bring to the Lord glory and honor.
V. The voice of the Lord over the waters; the God of glory thunders; the Lord over many waters.

Gospel: Matthew 3:13-17

Magnification. Extol, O my soul, Christ the King, baptized in the Jordan.

Irmos, Tone 2. Every tongue is at a loss * to fittingly extol you; * and even a supernatural mind is overwhelmed * when it glorifies you, O Theotokos. * But in your goodness accept our faith, * since you recognize our godly love. * You are the intercessor for Christians, * and we extol you.

Communion Hymn (Titus 2:11). The saving grace of God has appeared to all. Alleluia! Alleluia! Alleluia!